By 1890 the trading hall became too small and had to be rebuilt but this too was outgrown. Trading then moved into the street. The Mining Commissioner closed off Simmonds Street between Market Square and Commissioner Street by means of chains. In 1903, a new building was built for the JSE on Hollard Street. It was a storey building that took up an entire whole city block bounded by Fox and Main, Hollard and Sauer Streets. After World War II, it became apparent that this building was again inadequate and in 1947 the decision was made to rebuild the stock exchange.
It took 11 years before construction began and in February 1961 the second exchange at Hollard Street was officially opened. In 1978, the JSE took up residence at 17 Diagonal Street near Kerk Street, Johannesburg. 1993 saw the JSE become an active member of the African Stock Exchanges Association. After 108 years, the open outcry system of trading was changed to an electronic system on 7 June 1996.
In September 2000, the Johannesburg Securities Exchange moved to its present location in Sandton, Gauteng and changed its official name to the JSE Securities Exchange. In 2001 an agreement was struck with the London Stock Exchange enabling cross-dealing between the two bourses and replacing the JSE’s trading system with that of the LSE. In 2009 the JSE acquired the Bond Exchange of South Africa for R240 million and rebranded it the JSE debt market adding South African government and corporate bonds as well as interest rate derivatives to its product set. On 14 April 2014, the JSE re-branded to demonstrates the bourse’s identity as a modern African marketplace that connects investors to growth opportunities not only in South Africa but globally. The JSE provides a market where securities can be traded freely under a regulated procedure.
It not only channels funds into the economy, but also provides investors with returns on investments in the form of dividends. The exchange successfully fulfils its main function—the raising of primary capital—by rechannelling cash resources into productive economic activity, thus building the economy while enhancing job opportunities and wealth creation. The exchange is directed by an honorary committee of 16 people, all with full voting rights. The elected stockbroking members, who cannot number less than eight or more than eleven, may appoint an executive president and five outside members to the committee. Policy decisions are made by the committee and carried out by a full-time executive committee headed by the executive president. The JSE is governed by its members but through their use of JSE services and facilities, these members are also customers of the Exchange. The change to the Millennium Exchange involved moving the platform from London to a new platform housed in the JSE building in Johannesburg, thus speeding up the execution of transactions.
The JSE operates an order-driven, central order book trading system with opening, intra-day and closing auctions. Initially, it was optional for listed companies to use the service during its two-month trial period. From 15 October, augmented JSE listing requirements oblige companies to disseminate any corporate news or price-sensitive information on the service prior to using any other media outlet. Sens is carried by all the major wire services. Strate’s stated core purpose is to mitigate risk, bring efficiencies to South African financial markets and improve its profile as an investment destination. It has now added the settlement of money market securities to its portfolio of services.
JSE’s normal trading sessions are from 9:00am to 5:00pm on all weekdays except Saturdays, Sundays and holidays declared by the exchange in advance. The Alternative Exchange is a stock exchange that was founded as a division of the JSE in order to accommodate small- and medium-sized high growth companies. Its website is accessible from the front page of the JSE’s main website. The Alternative Exchange is known as AltX. The bourse is operated by JSE Limited, a company that listed on its own main board in June 2006. Applies to share purchases only, not share sales. 21 for trades with a value up to R185,000.